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The sociodemographic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean

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The sociodemographic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean

Corporate author: NU. CEPAL Physical Description: 154 p. Editorial: ECLAC Date: June 2022 ECLAC symbol: LC/CRPD.4/3

Description

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had a profound and multidimensional impact on the population. Latin America and the Caribbean, characterized by high levels of inequality, labour informality and vulnerability, is one of the regions hardest hit by the health, economic and social impacts of the pandemic.
This document analyses the effects of the pandemic on population dynamics and on the sociodemographic processes outlined in the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development, such as ageing, gender equality and women’s autonomy, the exercise of sexual and reproductive rights, territorial inequalities and mobility. It also assesses how the pandemic has affected the different population groups identified as targets of the priority measures of the Consensus owing to the exclusion, discrimination and vulnerability they have historically experienced, and the fulfilment of the rights of which they are holders. This document was prepared pursuant to the request of the Presiding Officers of the Regional Conference on Population and Development of Latin America and the Caribbean, with a view to systematizing and analysing the sociodemographic impacts of the pandemic in the region, and includes policy recommendations for a sustainable recovery with equality in the framework of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development.

Table of contents

Foreword .-- Introduction .-- A. Summary of the analyses dealing with the socioeconomic impacts of the pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean .-- B. Multiple risk factors: urbanization, density and metropolization, overcrowding, lack of access to basic services and structural weaknesses in the health-care sector .-- Chapter I. The impact of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on demographic dynamics .-- Chapter II. Structural inequalities and the protection of human rights during the pandemic: from the perspective of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development .-- Chapter III. The sociodemographic impacts of COVID-19 in the Caribbean .-- Chapter IV. Conclusions and recommendations for action in light of the priority measures of the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development.