The region faces substantive challenges related to data sources to measure real progress in achieving the objectives and goals of the development agendas. In this context, population and housing censuses appears to be a primary source of information and should be considered as essential information for the calculation of the follow up indicators. Censuses are universal, they apply to the whole population within a country, they provide basic information at the dwelling, household and person levels, allowing the socio demographic characterization of the population and its living conditions.
Likewise, the 2020 census round planning and organizing started during the pandemic and this year field work will be carried out in many countries of the region. With two census rounds available, countries will monitor the Agenda 2030 through the comparison of the indicators. Likewise, censuses allow the construction of indicators with different disaggregation as stated in the SDG 17.18 to enhance national capacity to increase the accessibility of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, geographic location, and other characteristics relevant in national contexts.
Redatam, a statistical processing freeware software developed by CELADE-Population Division, offers key features such as its hierarchical data structure, friendly interface, and at the same time, the fast and efficient processing and analysis of specific population groups, given the universality of census.
The display of statistics through maps and their various ways of representing spatial distribution are an advantage for communicating and making visible the social inequity that exists in the region at the national and subnational levels. Therefore, we will dedicate several sessions to mapping with QGis.