Industrial Policy

Electromovilidad y política industrial

The accelerated international deployment of new technologies, together with the absence of industrial and technological policies, could lead to an increase in the gaps in terms of access and use of urban connectivity that currently exist between the various segments and groups of the population in LAC. This requires an analysis of the regional industry's response to changes in the demand for and supply of connectivity. 

The new policy paradigm for sustainable development is embedded in collaborative and competition-based policy instruments, whose instrumental expression corresponds to industrial policies with social objectives and normative character. In other words, industrial policy is an essential component of any sustainable development policy. It must guide the processes of innovation and technology diffusion, as well as production diversification, in the sense of promoting employment and disengaging growth from the emission of polluting gases and the predatory use of natural resources. Energy transition, electromobility and digital transformation are areas that require a regional industrial policy approach.  

 

In this respect, the transition towards the electrification of public transportation opens a great opportunity for the re-launch of an industrial support policy for the regional manufacturing of vehicles, complementary infrastructure and control systems for their operation, with an integrating vision taking into account the new realities of urbanization, technological developments and demographic transition. 

The above converges in the proposal of a Big Push for Sustainability (BPS). Regarding urban connectivity, the BPS aims to ensure that the change in the quality of mobility and the pattern of connectivity consumption generates a change in the production pattern to meet this demand, without affecting the balance of the different ecosystems of the cities. A BPS is the product of a coordinated reorientation of policies, investments, regulations and tax regime. It is to produce a convergent trajectory of multiple and different actors, sectors and investments - allowing for innovations and synergistic processes - between supplies, skills, equipment, services, distributions, networks, demands and patterns. 

The situation caused by the pandemic will require analyzing the financial health of mobility service provision in the region, which will also involve addressing the performance of existing business models, as well as weighing alternative financing options to ensure operation, under good conditions, of the mobility service. The solution will be specific to the particular conditions of each city, considering not only population characteristics, density and distribution of trips, but also its investment capacity. This will require a set of tools adapted to the different demands, and technical advice, including methodologies for the construction of indicators and estimates, work missions and institutional support. 


Goal and composition Cluster 3 

Cluster 3 aims at supporting the identification of the regional industry's capacity to respond to changes in demand and supply of connectivity until 2030. This cluster also defines the policies required to promote, integrate and finance the sector in the region, including the restructuring of the energy matrix. Among the proposed activities are the conception of proposals for the development of industrial policies related to mobility, which include instruments such as public procurement, component manufacturing and assembly in Latin America, development of suppliers and centers for the reconversion of conventional vehicles. Likewise, financing mechanisms and instances will be proposed to favor complementarity with demand promotion policies. 

The following ECLAC divisions work jointly in a cross-sectoral manner in this cluster:  
• Division of Production, Productivity and Management 
• Economic Development Division 
• Division of International Trade and Integration
• Sustainable Development and Human Settlements Division
• Social Development Division 
• Division for Gender Affairs
• Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE)-Population Division of ECLAC