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The health economy in Mexico

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The health economy in Mexico

Author: Lomelí Vanegas, Leonardo Physical Description: páginas. 181-19 Date: December 2020 ECLAC symbol: LC/PUB.2021/4-P


The global health crisis caused by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic
has highlighted the important connection between the economy and health. This
relationship exists at the microeconomic, macroeconomic and institutional levels,
as health markets tend to suffer from market failures; health expenditure tends to
increase as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), and its financing has
long-term implications for public finances. In the case of Mexico, the creation of a
public health system that is segmented —as a result of the social protection scheme
applied since 1943, which has been reformed several times in recent years— has
contributed to making access to health a major factor in inequality, playing a part in
the multidimensional poverty of a significant segment of the population.