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The impact of COVID-19 on indigenous peoples in Latin America (Abya Yala): Between invisibility and collective resistance

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UN symbol.: LC/TS.2020/171 84 p. Editorial: ECLAC March 2021


The health and socioeconomic crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic has hit the countries of Latin America hard and laid bare the profound inequities about which numerous international, regional and national reports have sounded warnings in recent decades. In this context, the historical political and economic exclusion and marginalization of the more than 800 indigenous peoples in the region has been accentuated as a result of insufficient State responses to the crisis, which have not adequately considered the collective rights of these peoples and have had little cultural relevance.

This document provides an overview of the situation of indigenous peoples in the region in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. It analyses both the State’s and indigenous peoples’ own responses to the crisis, as well as offering a set of recommendations to rectify the neglect of these peoples in the management of the pandemic, centring on their collective rights.

Table of contents

Introduction .-- I. The need to adopt special and specific measures to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on indigenous peoples .-- II. Indigenous peoples and increased vulnerability to COVID-19: territorial approaches.