Caribbean Small Island Developing States are considered to be particularly vulnerable to external shocks
that stem from changes in climate and the increase in frequency and magnitude of natural disasters.
Quantification of the extent of vulnerability of these islands may be measured by the use of several
indices including the Economic Vulnerability Index (EcVI), the Disaster Deficit Index (DDI), the
Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) and the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). The capacity to build
resilience may be measured by the Economic Resilience Index (ERI). Of importance in the measurement
of vulnerability and resilience is the impact on women and children.
In order to reduce vulnerability and promote resilience, Caribbean SIDS are urged to develop
adaptation strategies. Such strategies include the conduct of indepth studies on natural environmental impacts
specifically in terms of biophysical and socio economic impacts. It is also necessary to review best practices
in terms of preparedness, resilience building and climate change adaptation in other countries such as Cuba.
Addressing vulnerability and building resilience requires appropriate information and data and priority
should be given to addressing data gaps. It would also be expedient to classify vulnerability and resilience as
regional public goods wherein one country’s benefit does not compromise another country’s ability to benefit.
Finally, it is important to acknowledge that vulnerability is, in part, is a function of gender so that indicators
need to be disaggregated to reflect the country-specific gendered socioeconomic situation.