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Global integration, disarticulation and competitiveness in Mexico’s electromechanical sector: A structural analysis

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Global integration, disarticulation and competitiveness in Mexico’s electromechanical sector: A structural analysis

Author: Vázquez López, Raúl Physical Description: páginas. 145-16 Date: December 2014 ECLAC symbol: LC/G.2629-P

Description

This article analyses the dual functioning of the Mexican electromechanical sector between 1994 and 2008, as distinct from other globalized activities. An estimation of labour productivity in 52 industrial classes finds that structural heterogeneity increased particularly in the 1994-2001 subperiod, alongside technical and organizational improvements that were increasingly concentrated in a small number of subsidiary companies of transnational automotive-assembly enterprises. The application of a shift-share technique also revealed the absence of any significant structural change. Lastly, an extension of the methodology to evaluate competitiveness —developed by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (eclac)— and its application to a second database that reclassifies 1,345 foreign trade products, makes it possible to contrast these changes with the dynamism of the global production networks in which the leading firms of the sector in Mexico are engaged.