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Port activity report of Latin America and the Caribbean 2018

New edition analyses 31 countries and 118 ports and port zones of the region

2 April 2019|Briefing note

The port activity report of Latin America and the Caribbean 2018, previously known as port ranking, from this year on will analyse additional information upon its traditional report. (*)

 

Hereunder, the analysis on the performance of a sampling of 31 countries and 118 ports and port zones in the region.  Firstly, the throughput in TEU[1] is analysed (table 1), in which all ports of the sampling are featured. Subsequently, the analysis of the throughput by country (table 2), transhipment and tonnage are presented. According to the report, the container throughput rose 7.7% in 2018 in comparison with the previous year (throughput variation). The data largely maintained the heterogeneity seen in throughput behaviour in the previous year, both in reference to ports and countries. On the total sampling, only 66 ports and port zones saw their figures improve versus 2017.

According to the data of the sampling, in 2018 the East Coast of South America (ECSA) recorded a 12% increase in the activity of ports and port areas, measured in terms of volume. Meanwhile, the West Coast of South America (WCSA) continued with a slight upward trend, growing 7% in 2018, compared with the 6% seen between 2016 and 2017. The Caribbean showed 12% growth in total throughput, while Central America (without including Mexico) had more subtle growth of 7% only on the West Coast, since the East Coast essentially maintained the same activity levels as in 2017. The Gulf of Mexico area grew 8% versus 2017, and Pacific Mexico 11%. Panama, meanwhile, experienced growth on its Caribbean coast (11%) with regard to the country’s total throughput, while its Pacific coast registered a decline of -16%.

The ten countries contributing the most to the total volume of cargo handled represented 84.1% of the total throughput. In 2017, the total Latin America and the Caribbean throughput represented 6.6% of the world throughput. In 2018, the percentage rose to 7.1%, result of a throughput of approximately 53,2 million TEU mobilized in the region. 

These novelties include an examination of the tonnes mobilized by port and port zones in 2018. Of the 20 ports and port zones in the sampling, only those in Brazil show individual tonnage exceeding 100 million, while the top twenty ports include terminals in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Panama.

Table 4 shows and analysis of the relative importance of container transhipment in relation to total throughput in a country, while table 5 presents the details in TEU by port and port zones. In the first ten countries, the total of transhipments represents nearly 30% of the entire throughput of the 31 countries and 118 ports and port areas under consideration. Caribbean ports represent 22.3%, while the importance of the East Coast of South America is striking in 2018.

For comparative purposes, the report also includes port throughput on a global level in 2018, which was led by Shanghai, with 42 million TEU mobilized. Here one can appreciate the truly massive difference of nearly 38 million TEU seen versus the region’s first position, held by the port of Colón (MIT, Evergreen, Panama Port), which notched just over 4,3 million TEU last year. The ten biggest ports on a global level represent 32.2% of global throughput in 2018, while those of Latin America and the Caribbean represent just 3.5%.

 

 

[1] Twenty-foot equivalent unit.

 

Table 1. Port and port zone throughput in TEU

 

Country

Port and port zone 

Throughput
(TEU) 2018

Throughput
(TEU) 2017

1

Panamá

Colón (MIT, Evergreen y Panamá Port)

 4,324,478

         3,891,209

2

Brasil

Zona portuaria de Santos

 3,836,487

         3,578,192

3

México

Manzanillo, COL.

 3,078,505

         2,830,370

4

Colombia

Bahia de Cartagena

 2,862,787

         2,678,005

5

Panamá

Panamá Pacifico

 2,520,587

         2,986,617

6

Perú

El Callao

 2,340,657

         2,250,224

7

Ecuador

Guayaquil (APG y terminales privados)

 2,064,281

         1,871,591

8

Jamaica

Kingston

 1,833,053

         1,560,000

9

Argentina

Buenos Aires (Puerto Nuevo y Dock Sud)

 1,797,955

         1,468,960

10

Chile

San Antonio

 1,660,832

         1,296,890

11

Puerto Rico

San Juan

1,405,348

1,199,157

12

Colombia

Buenaventura

 1,369,139

             920,000

13

República Dominicana

Caucedo

 1,331,907

         1,235,801

14

México

Lázaro Cárdenas, MICH.

 1,314,798

         1,149,079

15

Costa Rica

Limón-Moin

 1,187,760

         1,199,628

16

México

Veracruz, VER.

 1,176,253

         1,117,304

17

Bahamas

Freeport

 1,050,140

             850,426

18

Brasil

Zona portuaria de Itajaí

 1,045,813

             999,277

19

Chile

Valparaíso

     903,296

         1,073,734

20

México

Altamira, TAMPS.

     820,092

             803,222

21

Uruguay

Montevideo

     797,874

             939,427

22

Brasil

Paranaguá - Antonina

     765,785

             752,250

23

Brasil

Rio Grande

     736,967

             743,717

24

Honduras

Puerto Cortes

     670,979

             642,218

25

Brasil

Zona portuaria de São Francisco do Sul

     634,197

             592,304

26

Brasil

Zona portuaria de Manaus

     563,045

             270,331

27

Guatemala

Santo Tomas de Castilla

     554,432

             566,539

28

Chile

Coronel

     528,202

             431,213

29

Guatemala

Puerto Barrios

     489,665

             455,973

30

Chile

Talcahuano (incluye San Vicente)

     486,568

             516,449

31

Guatemala

Puerto Quetzal

     486,499

             367,239

32

República Dominicana

Rio Haina

     479,531

             488,963

33

Brasil

Suape - Recife

     454,721

             460,769

34

Venezuela (República Bolivariana de)

Puerto Cabello

     418,295

 n.a.

35

Brasil

Aratu - Salvador

     375,884

             301,129

36

Brasil

Rio de Janeiro - Niterói

     366,206

             281,473

37

Cuba

Mariel

     349,722

             332,240

38

Brasil

Pecém - Fortaleza

     344,887

             283,757

39

Brasil

Itaguaí

     327,186

             282,682

40

Chile

Lirquen

     320,404

             311,072

41

Costa Rica

Caldera

     305,031

             289,582

42

Perú

Paita TPE

     274,151

             228,367

43

México

Ensenada, B.C.

     272,258

             230,185

44

Martinica

Fort-de-France

     258,783

             240,881

45

Brasil

Vitória

     250,424

             195,243

46

Chile

Arica

     236,890

             238,018

47

El Salvador

Acajutla

     230,989

             209,903

48

Guadalupe

Terminal of Jarry (GPPTP)

     223,789

             210,000

49

Chile

Iquique

   259,867

             280,353

50

Trinidad y Tabago

Port of Spain

     187,524

             252,159

51

Trinidad y Tabago

Point Lisas

     170,951

             162,498

52

Nicaragua

Corinto

     169,969

             165,463

53

Chile

Puerto Angamos

     163,540

             158,347

54

Brasil

Vila do Conde - Belém

     154,908

             124,323

55

Colombia

Zona portuaria de Barranquilla

     154,533

             150,000

56

Venezuela (República Bolivariana de)

Puerto de La Guaira

     149,708

 n.a.

57

México

Progreso, YUC.

     146,456

               91,318

58

Bahamas

Nassau

     132,696

               70,226

59

Argentina

Zárate

     127,140

             118,329

60

Ecuador

Puerto Bolivar (APPB)

     113,515

               78,721

61

Honduras

Castilla

     109,272

             119,251

62

Colombia

Zona portuaria de Santa Marta

     104,611

             120,000

63

Barbados

Bridgetown

     100,952

             107,098

64

Brasil

Imbituba

 99,724

               49,453

65

Curazao

Willemstad

 96,738

               93,921

66

Colombia

Turbo

 73,328

               67,522

67

Chile

Antofagasta

 73,150

               71,935

68

Argentina

Zona portuaria del Gran Rosario

 71,675

               66,616

69

Argentina

Zona portuaria de Ushuaia

 59,898

               53,262

70

Aruba

Barcadera (Oranjestad)

 58,500

               47,534

71

México

Puerto Chiapas

 54,308

               47,702

72

México

Mazatlan, SIN.

 48,189

               48,380

73

Belice

Belize

 47,729

               44,381

74

República Dominicana

Santo Domingo

 45,514

               53,488

75

Brasil

Porto Alegre

 40,794

 n.a.

76

Islas Caimán

Cayman

 38,772

               61,940

77

República Dominicana

Puerto Plata

 36,363

               48,712

78

Argentina

Puerto Madryn

 35,781

               30,963

79

Ecuador

Esmeraldas (APE)

 34,670

               39,778

80

Brasil

Natal

 33,093

               57,606

81

Honduras

San Lorenzo

 32,913

               35,824

82

Argentina

Zona portuaria de Bahía Blanca

 32,442

               27,843

83

México

Guaymas, SON.

 28,971

               16,031

84

Argentina

San Antonio Este

 28,821

 n.a.

85

Belice

Big Creek

 28,096

               15,751

86

Perú

Ilo

 27,717

               28,606

87

Panamá

Almirante

 27,304

               20,420

88

Chile

Punta Arenas

 24,500

               24,236

89

Granada

St. George's

 23,887

               21,914

90

Perú

Matarani

 22,192

               18,183

91

Argentina

Mar del Plata

 19,160

 n.a.

92

México

Coatzacoalcos, VER.

 19,122

               19,992

93

San Vicente y las Granadinas

Campden Park

 18,107

               17,502

94

Argentina

Puerto Deseado

 17,687

 n.a.

95

Colombia

San Andrés

 15,599

                  8,134

96

Venezuela (República Bolivariana de)

Puerto de Maracaibo

 13,718

 n.a.

97

República Dominicana

Manzanillo 

 13,172

               15,652

98

México

Tuxpan, VER.

 11,835

 n.a.

99

Brasil

Porto Velho

 11,364

 n.a.

100

México

Puerto Morelos, Q. ROO

    9,423

 n.a.

101

Venezuela (República Bolivariana de)

Puerto de Guanta

    7,351

 n.a.

102

México

Tampico, TAMPS.

    4,753

 n.a.

103

Nicaragua

Arlen Siu

    4,434

                  6,893

104

Venezuela (República Bolivariana de)

Puerto Internacional El Guamache

    3,302

 n.a.

105

Perú

Pisco

    3,217

 n.a.

106

Chile

Chacabuco

    3,020

                  3,900

107

México

Salina Cruz, OAX.

    2,857

 n.a.

108

Colombia

Guajira

    2,716

                  1,798

109

Montserrat

Little Bay

    1,839

                  1,741

110

Argentina

Corrientes

    1,726

 n.a.

111

San Vicente y las Granadinas

Kingstown

    1,711

 n.a.

112

Chile

Coquimbo

    1,200

 n.a.

113

Argentina

Campana

       840

 n.a.

114

Argentina

San Pedro

       778

 n.a.

115

Argentina

Molca

       485

 n.a.

116

Argentina

Concepción del Uruguay

          40

 n.a.

117

Perú

Salaverry

          40

 n.a.

118

Ecuador

Manta (APM)

  20

 n.a.

      

Note: Some data are preliminary. In case of modification, this table will be updated, and all data will be published in the page of the Maritime and Logistic Profile of ECLAC as well.