Pular para o conteúdo principal
Available in English

Review of CARIFORUM-EU EPA in development cooperation and WTO compatibility

Publication cover

Review of CARIFORUM-EU EPA in development cooperation and WTO compatibility

Autor institucional: NU. CEPAL. Sede Subregional para el Caribe Descripción física: 67 páginas. Editorial: ECLAC, Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean Data: outubro 2008 Signatura: LC/CAR/L.177


The Cotonou Agreement which succeeded the Lomé IV Agreement and was signed in
Cotonou in June 2000 established a comprehensive framework to govern social, economic and
political relations between the Africa, Caribbean, Pacific (ACP) grouping and the European Union
(EU). At the centre of the partnership are objectives relating to economic development, the
reduction and eventual eradication of poverty, and the smooth and gradual integration of ACP
States into the world economy. In order to accomplish these objectives, the Cotonou Agreement
provides for the conclusion between the ACP and the EU of “new World Trade Organization
(WTO) compatible trading arrangements, removing progressively barriers to trade between them
and enhancing cooperation in all areas relevant to trade” (Article 36.1).
The conclusion of economic partnership agreements (EPAs) represented one way to achieve
a WTO compatible instrument and had to be negotiated during the period starting from September
2002 until 31 December 2007 to replace the trade provisions of the Cotonou Agreement. After three
and half years of negotiations, CARIFORUM and the European Commission (EC) finally
concluded a comprehensive EPA with the EC on 16 December 2007 when an Agreement was
The EPA Parties agreed to sign it later after a review of the provisions at both the national
and regional levels. In CARIFORUM, various comments have been made from governments, Nongovernmental
organizations (NGOs), the private sector and the labour movement about the
strengths and weaknesses of the EPA. This review comes in this context and is confined to the
development cooperation provisions and the question of WTO compatibility and consistency with
the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) negotiations and existing WTO provisions on special and
differential treatment.


I: Part 1: Review of EPA –Development cooperation.--II: Part. 2: Review of EPA – WTO compatibility.--