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Sustainable energy in the Caribbean: Reducing the carbon footprint in the Caribbean through the promotion of energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy technologies

GIZ
1 de julio de 2014 a 30 de junio de 2016|Proyecto/Programa

Resumen ejecutivo

This project seeks to examine financing opportunities which will provide greater incentives for the development of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy technologies. Due to high energy costs, several countries employ subsidies on fuel consumption to redress the challenges to the poor and to drive down production costs. In examining the policy landscape the tradeoffs between incentives to renewable energy and the challenges of poverty alleviation must be properly addressed in examining binding constraints. The assumption is that big gains can be made in energy savings through energy efficiency and a reduction in the enormous energy bill by the use of renewable sources of energy.   However a careful analysis must be made of feasible actions and incentives especially at a time of fiscal stress. The CARICOM, in consultation with member states has developed a regional energy policy. Apart from CARICOM, there is no other regional entity in the Caribbean subregion that is working assiduously on energy initiatives and the support is rather disparate. It must be remembered that although the subregion contributes to less than 1% of carbon emissions it will be among the first to be impacted by changes in climate especially sea level rise that threatens the coastal and marine populations and resources. It has therefore become necessary to develop a definitive programme of support to the Caribbean in an attempt to reduce carbon emissions through the development of a low energy pathway. In this regard, it is important to sensitise the public to the impact of the carbon footprint and to put in place the appropriate measures and strategies in the management environment that would support the development and implementation of energy efficient and renewable energy initiatives.

Resultados

By the end of the project, national governments shall have new and/or innovative mechanisms for financing projects in energy efficiency and renewable energy and will be able to design and finance mechanisms to reduce carbon emissions.

In this regard, it is expected that Caribbean countries will have increased capacity to utilize new concepts, strategies and mechanisms for the formulation of projects in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

It is also foreseen that context-related, Caribbean mechanisms for promotion of energy efficiency will be strengthened throughout the region.

Finally, it is anticipated that the capacity of policymakers and technical experts at the national and regional levels for promotion of energy efficiency will be improved.