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Legal and technical readiness for paperless cross-border trade: the case of Mexico

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Legal and technical readiness for paperless cross-border trade: the case of Mexico

Author: García Seimandi, Luis Alejandro - Almiray Jaramillo, Víctor Manuel Physical Description: 103 pages Editorial: ECLAC Date: November 2023 ECLAC symbol: LC/TS.2022/202/REV.1

Description

This document provides a technical and legal assessment of paperless cross-border trade in Mexico, based on a methodology developed by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It concludes that Mexico has a solid legal framework that fully recognizes electronic transactions and the principles of technological neutrality, autonomy of will, international compatibility, and functional equivalence of data messages and electronic signatures. Regarding the degree to which the technical environment facilitates paperless cross-border trade, the country has several electronic systems, including the Customs Electronic System and the Single Window for Mexican Foreign Trade, which promote a national paperless environment that has evolved over the last 30 years. Continuous improvement of electronic systems and the automation of processes related to international trade have positioned the country as a benchmark in the region. The document also presents several recommendations to highlight areas of opportunity and promote continuous improvement.

Table of contents

Summary .-- Introduction .-- I. Paperless trade facilitation in Mexico .-- II. Assessing legal readiness for cross-border paperless trade in Mexico .-- III. Evaluation of technical readiness for cross-border paperless trade in Mexico .-- IV. General conclusions .-- V. Recommendations.