Technology and energy

Energía y movilidad

The inefficiency of the dominant modes of urban transport in the region has effects on the pattern of energy consumption and, consequently, on urban pollution and people's health. Indeed, an individual car emits 2.5 times more CO2 per passenger than an equivalent bus trip and 5 times more than a subway trip (ECLAC, 2018). Out of the region's total urban transport emissions, individual vehicles are responsible for three-quarters of CO2 and for the largest proportion of local pollutant emissions (ECLAC, 2019). 

Electric mobility planning will promote sustainability if the additional energy demand is covered by renewable energy sources. An electricity grid with less than 80% of its generation based on renewables will imply a shift in carbon emissions from vehicles to fossil-based power plants, so developing a strategy that includes a high proportion of renewable sources is essential. In this context, digitalization plays an important role. It makes it possible to develop sustainable business models, by accelerating automation processes through the adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies. 


This makes it possible to move towards inclusive, sustainable and smart cities in areas as diverse as transportation and logistics, digital service platforms, social innovation and citizen participation. To this end, it is imperative to use renewable sources that guarantee sustainability and reduce the emissions of a highly electrified system, which implies moving towards a digitalized electricity system. 

In this context it is important to consider the aspects that impact each user group. This will require simultaneously involving means such as BRT, subway, light rail, motorcycles, online services, intelligent traffic management solutions, etc. This, together with the promotion of active mobility, attending pedestrians, cyclists and skateboarders who demand suitable roads, sidewalks and accesses, including access to mass transit infrastructure. 

Goal and composition Cluster 2 

Cluster 2 contributes to developing and strengthening the technical and institutional conditions to promote an emission-free and digitally integrated public electromobility system by 2030. Diagnostics and planning will be carried out on the technology and energy sectors, as well as a mapping of actors and the technological regulatory framework. 

Public technological and energy policies will also be proposed, and work will be done to identify the environmental benefits of digitalization and energy transition, while social, labor and gender criteria and standards will be determined for this context. Some of the activities to be developed are studies on the effects of digitalization on mobility, on the digital infrastructure of cities, on the financing of clean energy, as well as the creation of environmental indicators.  

The following ECLAC divisions work jointly in a cross-sectoral manner in this cluster:
• Natural Resources Division
• Division of Production, Productivity and Management
• Division for Gender Affairs
• Social Development Division
• Sustainable Development and Human Settlements Division
• Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE)-Population Division of ECLAC