City and Mobility

Ciudad y movilidad

Urban mobility in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), one of the most urbanized regions in the world, is characterized by its patterns of inequality, productive and energy inefficiency, and consequent environmental deterioration. This is largely due to the lack of adequate planning and to the dysfunctionality of urban policy, particularly housing policy. First, the city is built and then it is made. As a result, the mobility deficit is concentrated in the expanded and mostly poor periphery. Mobility policy has been separated from housing policy and, in general, from urban policy. The vision of the opportunities mobility offers for economic and employment reactivation is not widespread: the possibility of becoming a vehicle for growth and development that, based on the satisfaction of urban demands, generates a set of actions and investments that dynamize the cities, while reducing social and environmental gaps. 

According to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda, urban systems must guarantee people's rights, provide their inhabitants with better quality of life, by prioritizing inclusion and enjoyment of the city, and achieve sustainability. The Regional Action Plan of the New Urban Agenda (NAU) emphasizes that cities should promote a compact spatial configuration to facilitate connectivity and sustainable urban mobility, universal accessibility and positive urban health. It also promotes socio-spatial integration, mixed use of urban space and resource efficiency. The 2030 Agenda defines that mobility and public transport planning should pay attention to the needs of people in vulnerable situations, such as women, children, people with disabilities and elderly people.  

Goal and composition Cluster 1 

The goal of Cluster 1 is to contribute to the identification of the demographic, socioeconomic and spatial characteristics of LAC cities that influence the demand and inclusive supply of mobility, its current situation and prospects. Some of the activities to be carried out are the modeling of urban growth and its relationship with travel demands, in order to estimate the demand for mobility towards the year 2030. It also aims at understanding the impacts of the pandemic produced by COVID-19 on urban connectivity, land use and its effect on the mobility demand and social impact in terms of mobility patterns.  

To this end, various ECLAC divisions work together in a cross-sectoral manner, such as: 
• Sustainable Development and Human Settlements Division 
• Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre (CELADE)-Population Division of ECLAC 
• Statistics Division
• Division for Gender Affairs
• Division of Production, Productivity and Management 
• Social Development Division 
• Latin American and Caribbean Institute for Economic and Social Planning (ILPES)
• Economic Development Division