Big Environmental Push

Programa CEPAL-BMZ/giz 2018-2020 tema Gran Impluslo Ambiental

The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) development model has promoted the expansion of agro-industrial frontiers, the continued growth of mining resource extraction, the depletion of forest and fishery resources, and the intensification of CO2 emissions. This model has had a negative impact on the environment, has kept the region in a position of dependence and disadvantage in the face of global production chains and has followed a pattern of production and consumption that accentuates inequalities and degradation itself. This articulated pattern is continuously reproduced, thus generating a vicious circle.

The conditions for closing the development, environmental, territorial and social gaps exist and have been formulated by ECLAC as a progressive structural change based on an Big Environmental Push (Gran Impulso Ambiental, GIA), the product of a coordinated reorientation of policies, investments, regulations and tax regime. This impulse should converge different stakeholders, sectors and investments in order to allow innovations and synergic processes among supplies, skills, equipment, services, distributions, networks, demands and patterns. The GIA thus requires articulated multi-stakeholder intervention and policy coherence to simultaneously ensure economic growth, the adoption of technological innovations, employment generation, emission reduction, and the preservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

Implementing a coordinated package of investments and policies towards a major environmental push is part of the necessary response, in terms of strategy and instruments, for the construction of sustainable development, together with the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, the Paris Agreement, and the New Urban Agenda.

The ECLAC-BMZ/giz Program 2018-2020 supported selected countries in the region to come into a position to design their strategies for implementing the 2030 Agenda in accordance with a GIA. To this end, it is necessary to expand their capacities to promote, in a participatory manner and across sectors, economic growth with fewer emissions, efficient use of resources and social inclusion (SDGs 8, 12 and 13). By involving the private sector and civil society, the module also makes an important contribution to the development of new public-private partnerships in line with SDG 17.

The program supported Costa Rica in its national plan for decarbonization and the elaboration of the national bioeconomy strategy, Mexico in the area of electromobility, Brazil in the use of renewable energies, and the Dominican Republic in strategies for adaptation to climate change.