titulo
Find out about the degree of compliance of the countries with the MDG targets
7.A. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
7.B. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
7.C. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
7.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
7.D. By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers

MDG 7

Millennium Development Goal 7 seeks to "ensure environmental sustainability". The term environmental sustainability refers to the integral but distinguishable environmental aspect of sustainable development. In other words, it implies meeting current human needs without destroying the environment's ability to meet those same needs in the longer term (Millennium Project Task Force on Sustainable Development and the Environment, 2005).

Millennium Development Goal 7 stands out from the other Millennium Development Goals because of the global effects of local action on some of its targets. In this connection, Latin America and the Caribbean play a special role in the world. The region provides important global ecosystem services -for example, by maintaining biodiversity and storing anhydrous carbon. This should be borne in mind in climate change negotiations. Biodiversity provides ecosystem services by regulating atmospheric contamination, regulating hydrological and climate cycles, restoring soil fertility, decomposing wastes, absorbing contaminants and pollenizing crops. It also provides resources of direct economic value, such as wood, non-wood forestry products, basic ingredients of traditional and modern medicine, and germ plasm -a source of plant varieties for agriculture- as well as cultural, scenic and tourism resources. The benefits of ensuring environmental sustainability in Latin America and the Caribbean thus go beyond the welfare of the region's inhabitants and have global importance.

Goal 7 is measured through four key targets. Target 7A can be understood based on two fully distinct components: (i) Integration of the principles of sustainable development into country policies and (ii) reversion of the loss of environmental resources. Target 7B addresses the reduction in biodiversity loss. The other two targets are related to access to water and sanitation (Target 7C) as well as life conditions in human settlements (Target 7D).

Relevant publications
ECLAC 2012
Sustainable Development 20 Years on from the Earth Summit: Progress, gaps and strategic guidelines for Latin America and the Caribbean Sustainable Development 20 Years on from the Earth Summit: Progress, gaps and strategic guidelines for Latin America and the Caribbean
WHO-UNICEF 2012
Millennium Development Goal target on drinking water met Millennium Development Goal target on drinking water met
ECLAC-GTZ 2011
Lineamientos de política pública para el sector de agua potable y saneamiento Lineamientos de política pública para el sector de agua potable y saneamiento
FAO-FRA, 2010
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010. Key Findings Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010. Key Findings
WHO, 2010
UN-Water. Global Annual Assessment of sanitation and drinking water. GLASS 2010 UN-Water. Global Annual Assessment of sanitation and drinking water. GLASS 2010
CEPAL, 2009
Cambio climático y desarrollo en América Latina y el Caribe: una reseña Cambio climático y desarrollo en América Latina y el Caribe: una reseña

On the bases of: United Nations (2010). Achieving the Millennium Development Goals with equality in Latin America and the Caribbean. Progress and challenges.

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