Goal 6 refers to the prevention and treatment of communicable diseases which can be halted or reduced through actions for effective detection and control. Targets 6.A and 6.B aim at halting spread and treatment of HIV/ADIS while Target 6.C considers reduction of malaria and other major diseases. All three Targets include 10 indicators to measure progress made by countries by 2015.
The Millennium Development Goal on HIV is inextricably linked to the other Goals: halting and reversing HIV/AIDS depends heavily on the achievement of the other Goals, including those relating to the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, access to education, gender equality and maternal health, and, in particular, universal access to sexual and reproductive health. Socio-economic and gender inequalities, violence, gaps in the exercise of human rights, lack of social and legal protection, low levels of schooling and unequal access to health services create situations of vulnerability that promote or exacerbate risky behaviours, which, in turn, increase the likelihood of HIV infection. This Goal requires special attention for this reason and because the response to HIV has the capacity to help countries make comprehensive progress towards achieving the other Millennium Development Goals.
The movement towards universal access has been guided by ambitious targets set in most countries seeking key outcomes and has led to a global commitment to increase access to effective HIV interventions. Interactions between partners, including Governments, civil society, associations of persons living with HIV, the academic sector and international cooperation, have been strengthened in this process and have led to a multisectoral approach in the HIV response, going beyond the scope of the health sector. The year 2010 and the movement towards universal access offer a mid-point to reflect on and analyze the progress that has been made and the challenges that remain outstanding in relation to the sixth Millennium Development Goal for 2015