titulo
Find out about the degree of compliance of the countries with the MDG targets
5.A. Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
5.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
5.B. Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health

MDG 5

The fifth Millennium Development Goal refers to the improvement of maternal health and comprises two targets aiming to diminish maternal mortality ratio and provide universal access to reproductive health.

Maternal mortality and the morbidity associated with its determining factors are serious public health problems that reveal some of the deepest inequalities in living conditions. They reflect the health of women of childbearing age, the state of health services and quality of the care to which women have access, including contraception, antenatal care, the attendance of skilled health personnel during delivery and emergency obstetric services. The absence of this medical attention and these services leads to deaths and health problems that can be avoided through the provision of adequate care before, during and after delivery and in response to post-partum complications. In addition to raising mortality, poor maternal health has other consequences, including, according to the World Health Organization, the high incidence of morbidity and disability arising from the inadequate monitoring of, and provision of care during, pregnancies and deliveries, including infertility, sexually transmitted diseases or, at other stages of the life cycle, genital prolapse and urinary incontinence.

Through this target, the fifth Millennium Development Goal gives expression to a requirement established in several international instruments regarding the need to protect the health of all mothers without distinction. The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights has indicated that not adopting adequate measures to reduce maternal mortality rates can constitute a human rights violation; target 5.A and the right to health are therefore mutually reinforcing.

Relevant publications
ECLAC, 2011
Una mirada desde América Latina y el Caribe al Objetivo de Desarrollo del Milenio de acceso universal a la salud reproductiva Una mirada desde América Latina y el Caribe al Objetivo de Desarrollo del Milenio de acceso universal a la salud reproductiva
2010
(WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank)
Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2008 (WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank) Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2008
UNICEF, 2010
Countdown to 2015: Taking stock of maternal, newborn and child survival - Decade Report (2000-2010) Countdown to 2015: Taking stock of maternal, newborn and child survival - Decade Report (2000-2010)
UNFPA, 2010
Reducing Maternal Mortality: The contribution of the right to the highest attainable standard of health Reducing Maternal Mortality: The contribution of the right to the highest attainable standard of health
UNFPA, 2009
Focus on 5. Women's Health and the MDGs Focus on 5. Women's Health and the MDGs
ECLAC, 2007
Fecundidad adolescente en Nicaragua: tendencias, rasgos emergentes y orientaciones de política Fecundidad adolescente en Nicaragua: tendencias, rasgos emergentes y orientaciones de política

On the bases of: United Nations (2010). Achieving the Millennium Development Goals with equality in Latin America and the Caribbean. Progress and challenges.