MDG Goals, targets and indicators

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were announced in the Millennium Declaration in September 2000. The first monitoring framework consisted in a list of 18 targets and 48 indicators that had to respond to 8 specific goals: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; 2. Achieve universal primary education; 3. Promote gender equality and empower women; 4. Reduce child mortality; 5. Improve maternal health; 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; 7. Ensure environmental sustainability; and, 8. Develop a global partnership for development.

In the 2005 Millennium Summit it was agreed to incorporate 4 new targets to the monitoring framework. Employment, access to reproductive health services, access to HIV treatments and biodiversity rose as important subjects. The Inter-Agency Expert Group on MDG indicators (IAEG) was in charge of selecting the new indicators.

The IAEG presented the revised monitoring framework of the Millennium Development Goals, approved by the General Assembly at its 62nd Session, on September 2007. To ensure coherence and consistency in MDG monitoring within the United Nations system, the new framework has been used for all reporting on these matters including the annual reporting to the General Assembly on the implementation of the Millennium Declaration.

The new framework involves 21 targets and 60 indicators enumerated by targets and goals. A number of indicators were eliminated, various were modified and some were incorporated. At the left of the following table the new enumeration is displayed. At the right the old enumeration is available.

Download official MDG indicators list.

NGoal/Target/Indicator

Preexistent, Eliminated, modified or new*

Previous numeration*

 

Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 

Target 1.A

Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day

Target 1

1.1

Proportion of population below $1 per day (1a)

Preexistent

1

1.2

Poverty gap ratio

Preexistent

2

1.3

Share of poorest quintile in national consumption

Preexistent

3

Target 1.B

Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people

New Target

1.4

Growth rate of GDP per person employed

New

-

1.5

Employment-to-population ratio

New

-

1.6

Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day

New

-

1.7

Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment

New

-

Target 1.C

Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Target 2

1.8

Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age

Preexistent

4

1.9

Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption

Preexistent

5

 Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education 
Target 2.A

Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

Target 3
2.1

Net enrolment ratio  in primary education

Preexistent
6
2.2

Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary

Reformulated
7
2.3

Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men

Preexistent
8
 Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 
Target 3.A

Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015

Target 4
3.1

Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

Preexistent
9
3.2

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

Preexistent
11
3.3

Proportion of seats held by women in ateo f parliament

Preexistent
12
 Goal 4. Reduce child mortality 
Target 4.A

Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

Target 5
4.1

Under-five mortality rate

Preexistent
13
4.2

Infant mortality rate

Preexistent
14
4.3

Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

Preexistent
15
 Goal 5. Improve maternal health 
Target 5.A

Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio

Target 6
5.1

Maternal mortality ratio

Preexistent
16
5.2

Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

Preexistent
17
Target 5.B

Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health

New Target
5.3

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Preexistent
19c
5.4

Adolescent birth rate

New
-
5.5

Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits)

New
-
5.6

Unmet need for family planning

New
-
 Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and oher diseases 
Target 6.A

Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

Target 7
6.1

HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years

Reformulated
18
6.2

Condom use at last high-risk sex

Preexistent
19b
6.3

Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS

Preexistent
19.b
6.4

Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years

Reformulated
20
Target 6.B

Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

New Target
6.5

Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs

New
-
Target 6.C

Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

Target 8
6.6

Incidence and death rates associated with malaria

Reformulated
21
6.7

Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets

Reformulated
22
6.8

Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs

Reformulated
22
6.9

Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis

Reformulated
23
6.10

Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured nder directly observed treatment short course

Preexistent
24
 Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability  

Target 7.A

Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

Target 9

7.1

Proportion of land area covered by forest

Preexistent

25

7.2

CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)

Reformulated

28a

7.3

Consumption of ozone-depleting substances

New

-

7.4

Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits

New

-

7.5

Proportion of total water resources used 

New

-

Target 7.B

Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving,  by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss

New Target

7.6

Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected

Reformulated

26

7.7

Proportion of species threatened with extinction

New

-

Target 7.C

Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

Target 10
7.8

Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source

Reformulated

30

7.9

Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility

Preexistent

31

Target 7.D

By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers

Target 11

7.10

Proportion of urban population living in slums (7d)

Reformulated

32

 Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development 

Target 8.A

Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally

Target 12

Target 8.B

Address the special needs of the least developed countries Includes: tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries’ exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction

Target 13

Target 8.C

Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)

Target 14

Target 8.D

Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term

Target 15
 

Official development assistance (ODA)

 

8.1

Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income

Preexistent

33

8.2

Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)

Preexistent

34

8.3

Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied

Preexistent

35

8.4

ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes

Preexistent

36

8.5

ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes

Preexistent

37

 

Market access

 

8.6

Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty

Preexistent

38

8.7

Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries

Preexistent

39

8.8

Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product

Preexistent

40

8.9

Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity

Preexistent

41

 

Debt sustainability

  

8.10

Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)

Preexistent

42

8.11

Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives

Preexistent

43

8.12

Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services

Preexistent

44

Target 8.E

In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries

Target 17

8.13

Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis

New

-

Target 8.F

In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

Target 18

8.14

Telephone lines per 100 population

Reformulated

47

8.15

Cellular subscribers per 100 population

Reformulated

47

8.16

Internet users per 100 population

Preexistent

48b

Notes

**Comparison between previous MDG Monitoring Framework reported to the General Assembly in it’s 59 session in 2004, and used in the Progress Reports since then, and the revised MDG Monitoring Framework approved by the General Assembly in it’s 62nd Session and effective since 15 January 2000.

(1a)

For monitoring country poverty trends, indicators based on national poverty lines should be used, where available.

(7d)

The actual proportion of people living in slums is measured by a proxy, represented by the urban population living in households with at least one of the four characteristics: (a) lack of access to improved water supply; (b) lack of access to improved sanitation; (c) overcrowding (3 or more persons per room); and (d) dwellings made of non-durable material.